GTLD (Internet Algemeen)

gTLD is de afkorting voor Generic top level domain. Normaal gesproken zijn de domein extensies drie of meer karakters lang.

De tegenhanger van de gTLD is de ccTLD ofwel de Country Code Top Level Domain.

Voorbeelden van gTLD's zijn:

  • .aero - for the air transport industry
  • .asia - for companies. organisations and individuals in the Asia-Pacific region
  • .biz - for business use
  • .cat - for Catalan language/culture
  • .com - for commercial organizations, but unrestricted
  • .coop - for cooperatives
  • .edu - for post-secondary educational establishments
  • .gov - for government entities within the United States at the federal, state, and local levels
  • .info - for informational sites, but unrestricted
  • .int - for international organizations established by treaty
  • .jobs - for employment-related sites
  • .mil - for the U.S. military
  • .mobi - for sites catering to mobile devices
  • .museum - for museums
  • .name - for families and individuals
  • .net - originally for network infrastructures, now unrestricted
  • .org - originally for organizations not clearly falling within the other gTLDs, now unrestricted
  • .pro - for certain professions
  • .tel - for services involving connections between the telephone network and the Internet (added March 2, 2007)
  • .travel - for travel agents, airlines, hoteliers, tourism bureaus, etc.

Daarnaast loopt er een procedure om de volgende domeinen toe te voegen:

  • .post - for postal services
  • .geo - for geographically related sites
  • .cym - for Welsh language/culture

De eerste zes generieke top level domeinen werden in 1985 gelanceerd. Dat waren de volgende zes domeinnaam extensies:

  1. .com
  2. .edu
  3. .gov
  4. .mil
  5. .net
  6. .org

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